- Advertisement -spot_img
HomeDaily Dose of HistoryDAILY DOSE OF HISTORY: Kenneth Bancroft Clark - Psychologist

DAILY DOSE OF HISTORY: Kenneth Bancroft Clark – Psychologist

- Advertisement -spot_img

Panama Canal Zone

Kenneth Bancroft Clark was born July 24, 1914, in the Panama Canal Zone. Just five years later in 1919, Clark and his mother emigrated to New York City. He performed well in school academically and eventually landed the opportunity to attend Howard University.


Clark attended Howard University and graduated in 1935. He then went on to Columbia University where he graduated in 1940, earning his Ph.D. in psychology. While completing his graduate studies, he met his future wife, Mamie Phipps. They would later work and make history together.


Shortly after completing school, Clark became the first Black president of the American Psychological Association. He also became the first Black fully tenured professor at the City College of New York. Shortly thereafter, he assisted Gunnar Myrdal in studying America’s racial problem.

The Dolls Test

Once Clark’s wife, Mamie, decided to complete her Ph.D. thesis in the form of a social study, he assisted her. The couple conducted ‘The Dolls Test.’ The test consisted of four dolls (ranging from a dark complexion to a light complexion) being placed before 300 children of all races and complexions. The children were then asked to choose the doll that they preferred. Most of the children chose the lighter dolls as opposed to the darker dolls.
Mamie Phipps Clark, Black psychologist, Black psychologists, Black scientist, The Dolls Test, Black History, Black History 365, DDH: Daily Dose of History
The results of this test enabled the Clarks to determine that racism, segregation, and discrimination contributed to low self-esteem in Black children. Their test results were ultimately used as evidence during the 1954 landmark Supreme Court case, Brown v. Board of Education, which overturned segregation in the American education system.


Clark assisted his wife with another endeavor. In 1946, the Clarks founded the Northside Center for Child Development, working with children living in impoverished conditions. In 1950, Clark published a report based on ‘The Dolls Test’ that explained the debilitating results of exposure to racial segregation among Black youth. His publication was cited during the court hearings for the Brown v. Board of Education court case.

Later Works

Alongside his wife, Clark co-founded Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited (HARYOU). He served as a consultant for various companies and was named the first Black member of the New York State Board of Regents in 1966. Three years after his wife died, he founded Kenneth B. Clark & Associates in 1986 which was a consulting firm, providing aid with race-related issues.


Clark published a number of books that focused on the condition of Black people in America. One of his most notable books is ‘Dark Ghetto’ (1965). Kenneth Bancroft Clark died May 1, 2005. He was 70 years old.
**The views and actions of the DDH historical figures that are featured may not reflect the views and beliefs of Ramiro The Writer. Thank you.**
**The views and actions of the DDH historical figures that are featured may not reflect the views and beliefs of Ramiro The Writer or We Buy Black. Thank you.**
Thank you all for reading my article. I’m a part of the largest online marketplace for Black-owned businesses called We Buy Black. Similar to Etsy or Amazon, this website allows for Black-owned businesses to create a shop and sell their amazing products to the world! If you have a product, you should definitely join this platform! We Buy Black also has it’s Inaugural We Buy Black Convention happening this November 16th-17th in Atlanta, GA and I hope to see you all there. In fact, I along with hundreds of others will be wearing our official We Buy Black T-shirt, so here’s my gift to you: Get 50% off the official WBB T-shirt using my code WBB2018. Peace, family!

About Post Author

- Advertisement -spot_img
- Advertisement -spot_img

Stay Connected


Must Read

- Advertisement -spot_img

Related News

- Advertisement -spot_img


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here